Heidelberg Geometry Seminar
Geometry Seminar main page
Summer semester 2019
Tue July 16 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Alvaro del Pino (Utrecht) Convex integration and the bracket-generating condition
Convex integration is one of the most important tools in the construction of solutions of partial differential relations. It was first introduced by J. Nash in his work on C1 isometric embeddings and later generalised by M. Gromov to deal with a large class of differential relations satisfying a geometric condition called ampleness.
In my talk, I will explain the key geometric insight underlying convex integration. I will then discuss some work in progress with F. Martínez-Aguinaga in which we adapt it to deal with more general (non-ample) differential relations. Our main application has to do with the construction of maps tangent/transverse to non-involutive distributions.
I will try to keep the talk as non-technical as possible and with many pictures!
Tue July 2 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Lionel Pournin (Paris) Recent geometric and combinatorial results on lattice polytopes
Several new results about d-dimensional lattice polytopes contained in the hypercube [0,k]^d will be presented, along with a number of related open questions. The first set of results is about the largest possible diameter for the edge-graph of these polytopes as a function of d and k, where the special case of primitive zonotopes plays an important role. The second set of results is on the number of primitive zonotopes, that pop up from a number of seemingly unrelated fields. The third set of results deal with a graph structure that can be put on the set of all lattice polytopes. The connectedness properties of this structure will be presented and discussed.
Tue June 18 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Alexander Thomas (Strasbourg) A "flexible" generalisation of complex structures on surfaces
The theory of the moduli space of complex structures on a surface, the classical Teichmüller space, is a rich interplay between Riemannian, symplectic and complex geometry. Its algebraic generalisation to other character varieties, especially Hitchin components, admits much less geometric insights for the moment. We present a new geometric structure on surfaces, mixing concepts from symplectic and algebraic geometry (punctual Hilbert schemes), which generalizes the complex structure and whose moduli space is conjecturally Hitchin's component. Joint work with Vladimir Fock.
Tue May 7 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Martin Möller (Frankfurt) Recursions for Masur-Veech volumes via counting and via intersection theory
Masur-Veech volumes govern the Teichmuller geometry of moduli space, with several parallels and many differences to Weil- Petersson geometry. We provide recursive formulas for Masur- Veech volumes that allow efficient computation and precise large genus estimates. Counting torus covers and intersection theory provides two different recursions for these volumes.
Tue May 21 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Sobhan Seyfaddini (Paris) Barcodes and C0 symplectic topology
Hamiltonian homeomorphisms are those homeomorphisms of a
symplectic manifold which can be written as uniform limits of
Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms. One difficulty in studying Hamiltonian
homeomorphisms (particularly in dimensions greater than two) has been
that we possess fewer tools for studying them. For example,
(filtered) Floer homology, which has been a very effective tool for
studying Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms, is not well-defined for
homeomorphisms. We will show in this talk that using barcodes and
persistence homology one can indirectly define (filtered) Floer
homology for Hamiltonian homeomorphisms. This talk is based on joint
projects with Buhovsky-Humiliére and Le Roux-Viterbo.
Tue Apr 16 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Will Merry (Zurich) Symplectic cohomology of magnetic cotangent bundles
Joint work with Y. Groman. We construct a family version of symplectic
Floer cohomology for magnetic cotangent bundles, without any
restrictions on the magnetic form.
Winter semester 2018/2019
Tue Jan 29 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Claudio Meneses (Kiel) Geometric models for moduli spaces of stable parabolic Higgs bundles in genus 0
In this talk I will describe work in progress on the
construction of explicit geometric models for moduli spaces of stable parabolic Higgs bundles in genus 0 and rank 2, and explain how the nature of such construction elucidates the wall-crossing behavior of the moduli spaces in question under variations of parabolic weights. This work is motivated by some results related to the cohomology of natural Kahler forms on the moduli spaces, which I will briefly describe as well.
Tue Jan 15 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Georgios Kydonakis (Strasbourg) Connected components of moduli of parabolic G-Higgs bundles
For a semisimple real Lie group G, a non-abelian Hodge type correspondence provides a 1-1 correspondence between fundamental group representations of a surface with boundary into G, and G-Higgs bundles equipped with a parabolic structure over the points of a divisor D of finitely many distinct points on the Riemann surface X. In this talk, we discuss topological properties of connected components of the parabolic G-Higgs bundle moduli space for the cases when G is split real and when G is of Hermitian type. A correspondence of parabolic Higgs bundles over X to orbifold Higgs bundles over a finite Galois covering Y of X ramified along the divisor D, opens the way to new topological invartiants for further investigation of these components. Joint work with Hao Sun and Lutian Zhao.
Tue Dec 11 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Matthias Meiwes (Tel Aviv) Growth of Floer homology and the topological entropy of Reeb flows
Some of the dynamical properties of the geodesic flow φ of a closed Riemannian manifold M are independent of the metric on M. For "most" manifolds M, one can detect a strong instability of the dynamics of φ, notably through the positivity of the exponential growth rate of the number of closed orbits or through the positivity of the topological entropy of φ. These classical results considerably generalize to the world of symplectic and contact geometry.
I will give an overview on the relevant results in this direction. Also I will present a joint construction with Alves of contact structures on spheres such that all its Reeb flows have positive topological entropy. If time permits I explain how the exponential growth of Rabinowitz Floer homology, besides providing new interesting examples of contact manifolds that only carry Reeb flows with positive entropy, has applications to the dynamics of geodesic flows.
Tue Dec 4 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Brice Loustau (Darmstadt) Computing equivariant harmonic maps
I will present effective methods to compute equivariant harmonic maps. The main setting will be equivariant maps from the universal cover of a surface into a nonpositively curved space. By discretizing the theory appropriately, we show that the energy functional is strongly convex and derive the convergence of the discrete heat flow to the energy minimizer, with explicit convergence rate. We also examine center of mass methods, after showing a generalized mean value characterization for harmonic maps. We feature a concrete illustration of these methods with Harmony, a computer software with a graphical user interface that we developed in C++, whose main functionality is to numerically compute and display equivariant harmonic maps.
Tue Nov 6 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Jonas Beyrer (Heidelberg) Marked length spectrum rigidity of cubulations
In the last decade CAT(0) cube complexes have gotten a lot of attention in geometric group theory and related areas. This comes from the fact that many groups are "cubulated", i.e. act proper cocompactly on a CAT(0) cube complex (e.g. RAAGs, RACGs, hyperbolic 3-manifold groups), and that such an action (called "cubulation") allows to derive interesting algebraic properties of the group; a prominent example of that is the "recent" proof of the virtual Haken conjecture.
We want to point out that in general a group admits many non-isomorphic cubulations; which is why we want to consider the following rigidity question of cubulations (called "marked length spectrum rigidity"): Let G be a group that acts cocompactly on two irreducible CAT(0) cube complexes X,Y. Assume that the translation lengths for all g in G are the same for the action on X and on Y. Are X and Y then G-equivariantly isomorphic?
In this talk we show that with the right choice of metric and under some natural assumptions (e.g. no free faces) this holds if adding a small assumption on X or Y. If X and Y show low-dimensional behaviour (e.g. square-complexes or particular cubulations of surface groups), then the statement is true in full generality.
To proof this, we construct a notion of cross ratio on particular boundaries of the cube complexes - generalising a classical object on boundaries of negatively curved spaces - and show that the boundary equipped with the cross ratio determines the isomorphism type of the cube complex.
This is joint work with E. Fioravanti and M. Incerti-Medici.
Tue Oct 23 ∙ Seminarraum C ∙ 13:00
Mads Bisgaard (ETH Zurich) Mather theory and symplectic rigidity
Aubry-Mather theory studies distinguished sets which are invariant under the flow associated to a convex Hamiltonian H on a cotangent bundle. These sets arise as the support of so-called Mather measures. Symplectic topology studies properties imposed on the flow by the (symplectic) topology of the cotangent bundle. It is interesting to understand how these theories can play together. In this talk I will show how different techniques from symplectic topology give rise to incarnations of Mather's α-function and that its relation to invariant measures continues to hold: Mather measures exist. I will discuss applications to Hamiltonian system on closed symplectic manifolds, R^2n and twisted cotangent bundles.